What is Lasik ?
LASIK (Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis) is a popular and widely performed laser eye surgery used to correct refractive vision problems such as nearsightedness (myopia), farsightedness (hyperopia), and astigmatism. The goal of LASIK is to improve the way light is focused onto the retina at the back of the eye, thus enhancing vision and reducing or eliminating the need for glasses or contact lenses.
The LASIK procedure involves the use of an excimer laser to reshape the cornea, which is the clear front surface of the eye. The cornea plays a crucial role in focusing light onto the retina, and any irregularities in its shape can lead to refractive errors.
The LASIK procedure typically includes the following steps:
1. Anesthetic Eye Drops: Before the surgery, numbing eye drops are applied to the eye to ensure the patient’s comfort during the procedure.
2. Creation of Corneal Flap: The surgeon creates a thin, hinged flap on the cornea using a microkeratome (a mechanical blade) or a femtosecond laser (a laser-based tool). The creation of the flap allows access to the underlying corneal tissue.
3. Corneal Reshaping: The surgeon then uses an excimer laser to remove precise and microscopic amounts of corneal tissue, reshaping the curvature of the cornea. The laser works by emitting cool ultraviolet light, which precisely ablates the corneal tissue without generating heat.
4. Flap Repositioning: After reshaping the cornea, the surgeon repositions the corneal flap, which adheres naturally without the need for stitches. The flap acts as a natural bandage, promoting faster healing.
The entire LASIK procedure is usually completed within minutes per eye, and it is common for both eyes to be treated during the same session. Most patients experience improved vision shortly after the procedure, although it may take a few days or weeks for the vision to stabilize and fully adjust.
LASIK is considered a safe and effective procedure, and it has been performed for decades with high success rates. However, it is essential to have a thorough evaluation by an experienced ophthalmologist to determine if LASIK is the right option for you, considering factors such as your eye health, refractive error, corneal thickness, and overall suitability for the procedure.
It’s important to have realistic expectations about the outcomes of LASIK surgery and to thoroughly discuss the procedure with your eye doctor before making a decision.
What are the types of lasik surgery?
There are several types of LASIK surgery, each using different techniques or technologies to correct refractive errors. The main types of LASIK surgery include:
1. Standard LASIK: This is the traditional LASIK procedure where a microkeratome (mechanical blade) or a femtosecond laser is used to create a thin corneal flap. The corneal tissue is then reshaped using an excimer laser to correct the refractive error.
2. Bladeless LASIK: Also known as “All-Laser LASIK” or “FemtoLASIK,” this procedure uses a femtosecond laser to create the corneal flap instead of a microkeratome. The rest of the LASIK procedure remains the same.
3. Wavefront-Guided LASIK: This advanced LASIK technique uses wavefront technology to create a detailed 3D map of the patient’s cornea. The wavefront data is used to guide the excimer laser, providing a personalized treatment that addresses higher-order aberrations in addition to common refractive errors.
4. Topography-Guided LASIK: Similar to wavefront-guided LASIK, this procedure uses corneal topography data to customize the laser treatment. Topography-guided LASIK is particularly beneficial for patients with irregular corneas, such as those with keratoconus or significant corneal astigmatism.
5. SMILE (Small Incision Lenticule Extraction): Unlike traditional LASIK, SMILE is a flapless and minimally invasive procedure. A femtosecond laser creates a small lens-shaped piece of corneal tissue, which is then removed through a small incision. This reshapes the cornea and corrects the refractive error.
6. PRK (Photorefractive Keratectomy): PRK is an older laser eye surgery technique that does not involve creating a corneal flap. Instead, the outer layer of the cornea (epithelium) is removed before the excimer laser reshapes the cornea to correct the refractive error. The epithelium regenerates naturally after surgery.
Each type of LASIK surgery has its advantages and may be recommended based on factors such as the patient’s corneal thickness, refractive error, and overall eye health. The choice of the most suitable LASIK procedure is made after a comprehensive eye evaluation by an experienced ophthalmologist who will assess the individual’s needs and characteristics to determine the best treatment option.
Who is lasik surgery suitable for?
LASIK surgery is a popular and effective vision correction procedure, but it may not be suitable for everyone. The suitability for LASIK depends on various factors, including the individual’s eye health, refractive error, corneal thickness, age, and overall medical history. Generally, LASIK surgery is considered suitable for individuals who meet the following criteria:
- Age: The ideal candidates for LASIK are typically adults over the age of 18 years. The eyes should be fully developed and stabilized before undergoing the procedure.
- Stable Prescription: LASIK is recommended for individuals whose refractive prescription (glasses or contact lens prescription) has remained stable for at least one year. Significant changes in prescription could affect the effectiveness of the surgery.
- Healthy Eyes: Candidates should have generally healthy eyes, free from eye diseases, infections, or conditions that could interfere with healing after surgery.
- Corneal Thickness: The cornea, the clear front surface of the eye, needs to have sufficient thickness for the creation of the corneal flap during LASIK. Thinner corneas may limit the candidacy for LASIK.
- Refractive Error: LASIK is suitable for individuals with nearsightedness (myopia), farsightedness (hyperopia), and astigmatism. The degree of refractive error and corneal curvature will be evaluated to determine if LASIK is appropriate.
- Realistic Expectations: Candidates should have realistic expectations about the outcomes of LASIK surgery. While LASIK can significantly reduce dependence on glasses or contacts, perfect vision is not always guaranteed, and some individuals may still need glasses for certain tasks.
- Good General Health: Overall good health is essential to ensure a successful LASIK procedure and proper healing.
- Not Pregnant or Nursing: LASIK is typically not recommended for pregnant or nursing women, as hormonal changes during these periods can affect vision stability.
It’s important to note that each individual’s eye characteristics are unique, and an experienced ophthalmologist will conduct a thorough evaluation to determine if LASIK is the appropriate procedure. In cases where LASIK may not be suitable, there are alternative vision correction options such as PRK, SMILE, or implantable lenses that the surgeon may recommend based on the patient’s specific needs and eye health.
Who is lasik surgery not suitable for?
LASIK surgery may not be suitable for certain individuals due to specific eye characteristics or medical conditions. The following are some situations in which LASIK surgery may not be recommended:
- Insufficient Corneal Thickness: LASIK requires a certain minimum corneal thickness to safely create the corneal flap and perform the laser reshaping. If the cornea is too thin, alternative procedures like PRK or implantable lenses may be more appropriate.
- Unstable Prescription: LASIK is not recommended for individuals with an unstable prescription, as vision changes can affect the long-term effectiveness of the surgery.
- Severe Refractive Errors: Extremely high degrees of nearsightedness, farsightedness, or astigmatism may not be suitable for LASIK. Other vision correction options, such as implantable lenses or lens exchange surgery, may be more appropriate for these cases.
- Eye Diseases or Conditions: Individuals with certain eye diseases, such as glaucoma, cataracts, keratoconus, or retinal issues, may not be suitable candidates for LASIK. These conditions need to be addressed and managed before considering LASIK or may require alternative vision correction methods.
- Pregnancy or Nursing: Hormonal changes during pregnancy and nursing can affect vision stability, making LASIK inadvisable during these times.
- Age Considerations: LASIK is typically not performed on individuals under the age of 18, as their eyes are still developing and changing. Additionally, older individuals may not experience the same level of visual improvement due to age-related changes in the eyes.
- Certain Medical Conditions: Some medical conditions and autoimmune disorders can affect healing after LASIK surgery and may make the procedure unsuitable.
- Unrealistic Expectations: Candidates who have unrealistic expectations about the outcomes of LASIK surgery may not be suitable. It’s important for individuals to understand that while LASIK can significantly reduce dependence on glasses or contacts, perfect vision is not always guaranteed.
- Active Eye Infections or Inflammation: LASIK is typically postponed until any eye infections or inflammation have resolved to ensure the best surgical outcome.
- Dry Eye Syndrome: Individuals with severe dry eye syndrome may not be good candidates for LASIK, as the procedure can exacerbate dry eye symptoms.
It’s essential for individuals considering LASIK to undergo a comprehensive evaluation by an experienced ophthalmologist to determine if they are suitable candidates. The ophthalmologist will assess the individual’s eye health, refractive error, corneal thickness, and overall medical history to recommend the most appropriate vision correction option for their specific needs and circumstances.
How should a doctor be selected for lasik surgery?
Selecting the right doctor for LASIK surgery is a critical step to ensure a safe and successful procedure. Here are some important factors to consider when choosing a doctor for LASIK:
1. Credentials and Experience: Look for a board-certified ophthalmologist with specialized training and experience in LASIK surgery. Check their credentials, certifications, and years of experience performing LASIK procedures.
2. Reputation and Reviews: Research the doctor’s reputation by reading patient reviews and testimonials. Look for feedback from previous LASIK patients to gauge their satisfaction and experiences.
3. Referrals and Recommendations: Ask friends, family members, or colleagues who have undergone LASIK surgery for recommendations. Personal referrals can provide valuable insights into the doctor’s skills and patient care.
4. Technology and Facilities: Ensure that the doctor’s clinic or surgical center is equipped with state-of-the-art technology. Advanced equipment can enhance the precision and safety of the LASIK procedure.
5. Consultation and Evaluation: Schedule a consultation with the doctor to discuss your candidacy for LASIK. The doctor should perform a thorough eye examination, review your medical history, and discuss potential risks and benefits of the surgery.
6. Communication and Trust: Choose a doctor who communicates clearly, addresses your concerns, and establishes a trusting relationship with you. Open and transparent communication is vital throughout the entire process.
7. Success Rates: Inquire about the doctor’s success rates and complication rates with LASIK surgery. A reputable surgeon should be willing to share this information.
8. Post-Operative Care: Ask about the post-operative care provided by the doctor. Adequate follow-up care is essential for a smooth recovery and optimal results.
9. Cost and Financing Options: While cost shouldn’t be the sole determining factor, it’s essential to understand the fees involved and any available financing options.
10. Gut Feeling: Trust your instincts and choose a doctor with whom you feel comfortable and confident. Your intuition can play a role in making the final decision.
Remember that LASIK is a significant decision that involves your vision, so take your time to research and find a skilled and reputable doctor. Don’t hesitate to ask questions during the consultation and seek second opinions if needed. A well-qualified and experienced doctor can increase the likelihood of a successful LASIK surgery and a positive overall experience.
What is the success rate of lasik surgery in Turkey?
The success rate of LASIK surgery in Turkey is generally high, and it is comparable to the success rates seen in other countries with advanced medical facilities and experienced ophthalmologists. The success of LASIK depends on several factors, including the patient’s individual eye characteristics, the surgeon’s experience and skill, and the technology and equipment used during the procedure.
LASIK is a well-established and widely performed procedure, and it has been continuously refined and improved over the years. Studies have shown that the overall success rate of LASIK in achieving the desired vision correction is around 90% to 95%.
However, it’s important to note that individual outcomes can vary, and not all patients achieve perfect vision after LASIK. Some factors that can affect the success rate of LASIK include the severity of the refractive error, the presence of any pre-existing eye conditions or diseases, and the healing response of the individual’s cornea.
Choosing an experienced and reputable ophthalmologist, as well as a modern and well-equipped surgical facility, can significantly contribute to the success of LASIK surgery. It’s essential to have a comprehensive pre-operative evaluation to assess the patient’s suitability for LASIK and to manage any potential risks or complications.
Before undergoing LASIK surgery in Turkey, it’s advisable to research and select a qualified surgeon with a track record of successful LASIK procedures. Reading patient reviews and testimonials can also provide insights into the surgeon’s expertise and patient satisfaction.
During the consultation, the surgeon should discuss the expected outcomes, potential risks, and any other relevant information about the LASIK procedure. Having realistic expectations and understanding the limitations of LASIK can also contribute to a positive overall experience and satisfaction with the results.
What is the cost of lasik surgery in Turkey?
The cost of LASIK surgery in Turkey can vary depending on several factors, including the clinic or surgical center, the surgeon’s experience, the technology and equipment used, and the specific needs of the patient. On average, the cost of LASIK surgery in Turkey ranges from 2,000 to 5,000 Euros per eye.
It’s important to note that the cost may include different components, such as pre-operative evaluations, the surgery itself, post-operative care, and any necessary medications. Some clinics may offer all-inclusive packages that cover all these aspects, while others may itemize each service separately.
While cost is an important consideration, it’s crucial to prioritize the quality and safety of the procedure over price alone. Choosing an experienced and reputable surgeon, as well as a modern and well-equipped facility, is crucial for a successful LASIK outcome.
Additionally, some clinics may offer financing options or payment plans to make LASIK surgery more accessible to patients who prefer to pay in installments.
Before making a decision, it’s advisable to schedule consultations with multiple LASIK surgeons to discuss your candidacy for the procedure and to obtain detailed pricing information. During the consultations, ask about the surgeon’s experience, success rates, technology used, and any additional fees or costs associated with the surgery.
Remember that LASIK is an investment in your vision and quality of life, so it’s important to choose a reputable surgeon and clinic that can provide excellent care and the best chance of achieving the desired vision correction.