What is Myopia ?
Myopia, commonly known as nearsightedness, is a refractive error of the eye that makes it difficult to see distant objects clearly. In individuals with myopia, close objects can be seen more clearly than objects at a distance. This occurs when the eyeball is too long relative to the focusing power of the cornea and lens, or when the cornea and lens have too much focusing power.
Key features of myopia include:
- Blurred Distance Vision: People with myopia often experience blurred vision when looking at objects in the distance, such as road signs, chalkboards, or television screens.
- Clear Near Vision: While distant vision is affected, near vision is usually clear for individuals with myopia. Reading or focusing on close tasks may not be a problem.
- Eyeglasses or Contact Lenses: The most common correction for myopia is the use of eyeglasses or contact lenses. These optical devices help to redirect the incoming light to focus properly on the retina, improving distance vision.
- Axial Length of the Eye: In myopic eyes, the eyeball tends to be longer than normal from front to back. This longer axial length causes light entering the eye to focus in front of the retina rather than directly on it.
- Onset and Progression: Myopia often starts in childhood and may progress during the growing years. However, it can also develop in adults.
- Genetic and Environmental Factors: Both genetic and environmental factors play a role in the development of myopia. If parents are nearsighted, there is a higher likelihood that their children may also develop myopia. Environmental factors such as excessive near work or lack of outdoor activities may contribute to its progression.
- High Myopia: In some cases, myopia can be classified as high myopia when the refractive error is more severe. High myopia is associated with an increased risk of certain eye conditions, such as retinal detachment, glaucoma, and macular degeneration.
Management of myopia may involve regular eye examinations to monitor changes in vision, the use of corrective lenses, and in some cases, interventions to slow the progression of myopia, such as orthokeratology (corneal reshaping with special contact lenses), certain medications, or specially designed multifocal lenses.
It’s important for individuals experiencing changes in their vision to consult with an eye care professional for a comprehensive eye examination and appropriate management.
What are signs of Myopia?
The signs of myopia (nearsightedness) are related to difficulties in seeing distant objects clearly, while near vision is generally clear. Here are common signs and symptoms associated with myopia:
- Blurred Distance Vision: The most prominent sign of myopia is blurred vision when looking at objects in the distance. This can include difficulty reading road signs, recognizing faces from a distance, or seeing the board in a classroom.
- Squinting: Individuals with myopia may unconsciously squint their eyes to try to see distant objects more clearly. Squinting temporarily changes the shape of the eye’s lens, helping to bring objects into focus.
- Headaches and Eye Strain: Straining the eyes to see distant objects can lead to headaches and eye strain. This discomfort may be more pronounced after activities that involve focusing on distant objects for an extended period, such as watching TV or playing sports.
- Difficulty Seeing Clearly in Low Light: Myopia can cause difficulties in seeing clearly in low-light conditions, such as during nighttime driving.
- Frequent Changes in Prescription: Children and teenagers with myopia may experience frequent changes in their eyeglass or contact lens prescriptions as their eyes continue to grow and the degree of nearsightedness progresses.
- Holding Reading Material Closer: While myopia primarily affects distance vision, individuals may also notice that they need to hold reading material closer to their eyes for clear near vision.
- Eye Fatigue during Near Work: Even though near vision is generally clear, individuals with myopia may experience eye fatigue or strain during activities that involve close-up work, such as reading or using a computer.
- Family History of Myopia: There is a genetic component to myopia, and individuals with parents who are nearsighted have a higher risk of developing myopia themselves.
It’s important to note that the signs and symptoms of myopia can vary from person to person. If you or someone you know is experiencing changes in vision or any of the above signs, it’s recommended to schedule an eye examination with an optometrist or ophthalmologist. Regular eye check-ups are crucial for detecting and addressing refractive errors like myopia and ensuring optimal eye health.
What are reasons for myopia?
Myopia, or nearsightedness, can be influenced by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. While the exact causes are not fully understood, researchers have identified several factors that contribute to the development and progression of myopia:
Family history plays a significant role in myopia. If one or both parents are nearsighted, there is a higher likelihood that their children may also develop myopia. Multiple genes are thought to contribute to the genetic predisposition for myopia.
Near Work: Engaging in activities that require prolonged close-up focus, such as reading, using computers, or doing fine detailed work, has been associated with myopia. However, the relationship between near work and myopia is complex, and not all studies agree on the extent of this association.
Lack of Outdoor Activities: Spending more time outdoors, especially during childhood and adolescence, has been linked to a lower risk of myopia. The exact mechanism is not fully understood, but exposure to natural light may play a role.
Educational and Socioeconomic Factors:
Higher levels of education and socioeconomic status have been associated with an increased prevalence of myopia. This may be related to increased near work and less time spent outdoors in certain educational environments.
Early Onset of Near Work:
Some studies suggest that early exposure to extensive near work, such as reading at a young age, may contribute to the development of myopia.
Ethnic and Geographic Factors:
Myopia prevalence varies among different ethnic groups and geographic regions. Some populations have a higher predisposition to myopia.
Axial Length of the Eye:
Myopia is associated with an elongation of the eyeball, specifically the axial length. As the eyeball becomes longer, light entering the eye focuses in front of the retina instead of directly on it, leading to blurred distance vision.
Myopia often develops during childhood and tends to progress during the growth years. It may stabilize in adulthood, but in some cases, myopia can continue to progress.
It’s important to note that while these factors are associated with myopia, they do not guarantee its development, and myopia can occur in individuals without a family history or with different environmental exposures. The interplay between genetic and environmental factors is complex and may vary from person to person. Regular eye examinations are crucial for detecting and managing myopia, especially in children and adolescents whose eyes are still developing.
What are the types of myopia?
Myopia, or nearsightedness, can be classified into different types based on various factors such as severity, age of onset, and progression. Here are some common types of myopia:
Individuals with low myopia have a mild degree of nearsightedness. The refractive error is typically between -0.25 and -3.00 diopters. Low myopia may not significantly impact daily activities without the need for corrective lenses.
Moderate myopia refers to a more significant degree of nearsightedness, with a refractive error typically between -3.00 and -6.00 diopters. People with moderate myopia may experience more noticeable blurring of distant objects and often require corrective lenses for clear distance vision.
High myopia is characterized by a more severe degree of nearsightedness, with a refractive error exceeding -6.00 diopters. In cases of high myopia, the eyeball is often elongated, and individuals may be at an increased risk of certain eye conditions, including retinal detachment, glaucoma, and macular degeneration.
Simple myopia refers to a straightforward nearsightedness without any associated eye health issues. It is the most common form of myopia and is typically corrected with eyeglasses or contact lenses.
Also known as pathological or malignant myopia, degenerative myopia is characterized by a more rapid and progressive elongation of the eyeball, leading to severe myopia. Individuals with degenerative myopia are at an increased risk of developing complications such as retinal thinning, macular degeneration, and retinal detachment.
While myopia often develops during childhood and adolescence, some individuals may experience the onset of myopia in adulthood. This can be associated with environmental factors, changes in visual demands, or other factors influencing eye health.
Juvenile myopia refers to myopia that develops during childhood or adolescence. It is common for myopia to emerge during the school-age years and progress as the eyes continue to grow.
Pseudomyopia is a temporary form of myopia that can occur due to factors such as accommodative spasm or excessive focusing on near objects for extended periods. It is usually reversible with appropriate treatment.
The classification of myopia is not always rigid, and individuals may exhibit characteristics of more than one type. The progression and impact of myopia can vary widely among individuals, and regular eye examinations are essential for accurate diagnosis and appropriate management. Eye care professionals will assess the specific needs of each individual to determine the most suitable approach for correction and potential interventions to manage myopia progression.
Myopia Treatment Prices in Turkey
The cost of myopia treatment can vary based on several factors, including the type of treatment, the specific procedure or intervention chosen, the clinic or hospital’s location, and the expertise of the healthcare professionals involved.
Myopia treatment options include corrective lenses (glasses or contact lenses), orthokeratology, pharmaceutical interventions (such as atropine eye drops), and in some cases, surgical procedures like laser refractive surgery (e.g., LASIK) or implantable lenses.
To obtain accurate and current information on the prices for myopia treatment in Turkey, I recommend reaching out directly to reputable eye clinics, hospitals, or healthcare providers in the region. You can inquire about the specific treatments they offer, the associated costs, and any additional fees that may apply.
When considering any medical procedure, it’s essential to consider not only the cost but also the quality of healthcare services provided. Research the reputation of the healthcare facility, the qualifications of the medical professionals, and read reviews from other patients if available.
Keep in mind that medical prices are subject to change, and the costs associated with myopia treatment may vary among different providers. Additionally, insurance coverage or healthcare plans may influence the out-of-pocket expenses for patients.
Always consult directly with healthcare providers for the most accurate and current information regarding prices and treatment options.