LASIK (Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis) is a popular and advanced surgical procedure used to correct refractive vision problems, primarily nearsightedness (myopia), farsightedness (hyperopia), and astigmatism. It aims to reduce or eliminate a person’s dependency on corrective eyewear, such as glasses or contact lenses, by reshaping the cornea – the clear front surface of the eye – to allow light to focus correctly onto the retina, thus improving vision.
Here’s how the LASIK procedure generally works:
1. Corneal Flap Creation: The surgeon uses a precise instrument or a femtosecond laser to create a thin flap in the cornea. This flap is lifted to expose the underlying corneal tissue.
2. Corneal Reshaping: Using an excimer laser, the surgeon removes a small amount of corneal tissue, reshaping it according to the patient’s prescription. The laser ablation is guided by computerized measurements and the patient’s specific eye characteristics.
3. Flap Re-positioning: After the cornea is reshaped, the corneal flap is gently repositioned onto the treated area, where it adheres without the need for stitches. The corneal flap acts as a natural bandage, aiding in the healing process.
4. Quick Recovery: The cornea’s reshaped curvature allows light to properly focus onto the retina, improving vision. Most patients experience improved vision shortly after the procedure and can resume normal activities within a day or two.
LASIK is known for its rapid recovery time and minimal discomfort compared to other vision correction methods. However, not everyone is a suitable candidate for LASIK, as individual eye characteristics and health play a role in determining candidacy. It’s essential to undergo a comprehensive eye examination and consultation with an experienced ophthalmologist to determine the best treatment option for your specific needs.
LASIK has helped millions of individuals achieve clearer vision and reduce or eliminate their dependence on corrective lenses.
How is Lasik surgery performed?
LASIK (Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis) surgery is a sophisticated and precise procedure performed to correct refractive vision problems. Here is a general overview of how LASIK surgery is typically performed:
1-) Preoperative Evaluation: Before the surgery, you will undergo a thorough eye examination to determine your eye health, prescription, corneal thickness, and other relevant factors. This evaluation helps the surgeon tailor the procedure to your specific needs.
2-) Anesthesia: On the day of the surgery, you’ll be given numbing eye drops to ensure you don’t feel any pain during the procedure. Some clinics might also provide a mild sedative to help you relax.
3-) Corneal Flap Creation:
- Traditional Method: Using a microkeratome (a mechanical blade), the surgeon creates a thin, hinged flap on the cornea’s surface. The flap is then gently folded back to expose the underlying corneal tissue.
- Bladeless Method: A femtosecond laser is used to create the corneal flap with extreme precision. This method is often called “bladeless LASIK” and is considered more advanced.
4-) Corneal Reshaping with Excimer Laser:
- The surgeon uses an excimer laser to remove precise amounts of corneal tissue based on your prescription. The laser’s ultraviolet light precisely reshapes the cornea to correct the refractive error, whether it’s myopia, hyperopia, or astigmatism.
- The laser ablation is guided by computerized measurements and your individual eye characteristics.
5-) Flap Re-positioning:
- After the cornea is reshaped, the corneal flap is carefully repositioned over the treated area. The flap adheres naturally without the need for stitches. It acts as a protective layer and aids in the healing process.
6-) Recovery and Follow-up:
- You will rest for a short period after the surgery, and your eye will be examined to ensure the flap is in place and there are no immediate complications.
- Your surgeon will provide you with postoperative instructions, including how to care for your eyes, use prescribed eye drops, and avoid activities that could potentially impact your healing.
7-) Follow-up Appointments:
- In the following days and weeks, you’ll have several follow-up appointments with your surgeon to monitor your progress, ensure proper healing, and assess your visual acuity.
How long does Lasik surgery take?
LASIK (Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis) surgery is known for its speed and efficiency. The actual procedure itself is quite quick, typically lasting only around 10 to 15 minutes per eye. However, it’s important to consider the preparation time before the surgery and the recovery time afterward.
Here’s a breakdown of the time involved in the LASIK surgery process:
- Preoperative Preparation: Before the surgery, you will spend some time at the clinic undergoing preoperative preparations, which may include signing consent forms, applying numbing eye drops, and ensuring that you are comfortable and informed about the procedure. This phase usually takes about 30 minutes to an hour.
- Surgery Time: The LASIK surgery itself is very brief, often lasting around 10 to 15 minutes for each eye. During this time, the surgeon creates the corneal flap (if using the traditional method or a femtosecond laser) and reshapes the cornea using the excimer laser.
- Recovery and Postoperative Care: After the surgery, you will rest for a short period to allow the corneal flap to settle back into place. Your surgeon will likely perform an immediate examination to ensure that everything is as expected. You will receive postoperative instructions and possibly a protective shield for your eyes. This phase usually takes another 15 to 30 minutes.
- Postoperative Observation: Some clinics might require you to remain at the facility for a short time after the surgery to observe your initial recovery. This observation period could last for about 30 minutes to an hour.
- Follow-up Appointments: You will need to schedule follow-up appointments in the days and weeks following the surgery to monitor your healing and vision progress. These appointments may be shorter but are essential for ensuring the success of the procedure.
What are the risk factors for lasik surgery?
LASIK (Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis) is a widely performed and safe procedure, but like any surgery, it carries some potential risks and complications. It’s essential to be aware of these risks and discuss them thoroughly with your eye doctor before undergoing LASIK. Some potential risk factors and complications of LASIK surgery include:
1. Dry Eyes:
LASIK can temporarily reduce tear production, leading to dry eye symptoms. These symptoms usually resolve over time, but in some cases, they can persist or become chronic.
2. Undercorrection or Overcorrection:
The degree of vision correction achieved may not meet your desired outcome. This can require additional procedures or continued reliance on glasses or contact lenses.
Over time, some patients may experience a gradual return of their refractive error, necessitating further correction.
4. Visual Disturbances:
Some patients may experience glare, halos, starbursts, or double vision, especially in low-light conditions or at night.
5. Flap Complications:
If a corneal flap is created (using a microkeratome or femtosecond laser), there is a slight risk of flap-related issues, such as incomplete flap creation, wrinkling, or dislocation.
Although rare, any surgical procedure carries the risk of infection. Following proper postoperative care instructions can help minimize this risk.
In rare cases, the cornea may become weakened and bulge outwards, leading to a condition called corneal ectasia. This can result in distorted vision and may require additional treatment.
8. Irregular Astigmatism:
Some patients may develop irregular astigmatism, which can cause distorted and blurred vision.
9. Corneal Haze:
In some cases, the cornea may develop scar tissue beneath the flap, causing visual disturbances.
10. Loss of Best-Corrected Vision:
Some patients may experience a reduction in their best-corrected vision, meaning that even with glasses or contacts, their vision might not be as clear as before.
11. Pain or Discomfort:
Mild pain or discomfort immediately after surgery is common, but persistent or severe pain is not typical and should be reported to your doctor.
12. Rare Complications:
Extremely rare complications may include retinal detachment, eye infection, or other serious issues.
Recovery process after lasik surgery
The recovery process after LASIK (Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis) surgery is relatively quick, but it’s crucial to follow your surgeon’s postoperative instructions to ensure proper healing and the best possible results. Here’s what you can generally expect during the LASIK recovery period:
Immediately After Surgery
1. Rest and Relaxation: After the surgery, your eyes might feel a bit uncomfortable or watery. It’s essential to rest and avoid any strenuous activities for the remainder of the day.
2. Protective Shields: Your surgeon may provide protective shields or goggles to wear while sleeping to prevent accidentally rubbing your eyes during the initial healing phase.
3. Avoid Rubbing Eyes: You should avoid touching or rubbing your eyes to prevent displacing the corneal flap (if one was created).
4. Follow Postoperative Instructions: Your surgeon will provide detailed instructions on how to administer prescribed eye drops, including antibiotic and anti-inflammatory drops, to prevent infection and inflammation.
First Few Days
- Vision Fluctuations: Your vision might fluctuate during the first few days as your eyes adjust to the changes. Some blurriness, glare, halos, or light sensitivity are common but should improve over time.
- Follow-Up Appointments: You’ll likely have a follow-up appointment within the first 24 to 48 hours after surgery. Your surgeon will examine your eyes, check the healing process, and provide further guidance.
- Driving Restrictions: You may not be able to drive for a few days after LASIK, so arrange for transportation to and from your follow-up appointments.
- Physical Activities: Avoid strenuous activities, swimming, hot tubs, saunas, and activities that could introduce dust, dirt, or debris into your eyes.
- Visual Improvement: While many patients experience improved vision within a day or two, it might take a few weeks for your vision to stabilize fully.
- Computers and Screens: You can usually resume computer and screen usage within a few days, but remember to follow the 20-20-20 rule (take a 20-second break every 20 minutes and look at something 20 feet away).
- Limit Eye Makeup: If you wear makeup, avoid applying it near your eyes for the first week to prevent any potential irritation or infection.
- Healing and Stabilization: Most patients experience stable vision within a few weeks to a couple of months. However, your eyes will continue to heal and adjust over several months.
- Follow-Up Appointments: You’ll have follow-up appointments at various intervals to monitor your healing progress and ensure your eyes are adjusting as expected.
It’s essential to remember that everyone’s healing process is unique. Some individuals experience rapid improvements, while others might take a bit longer. If you notice any unusual symptoms, severe discomfort, or vision changes that concern you, contact your surgeon immediately. Following postoperative care instructions diligently will significantly contribute to a successful and smooth recovery after LASIK surgery.
Vision improvement after Lasik surgery
Immediate Postoperative Period
– Some patients notice an immediate improvement in their vision shortly after the surgery. However, it’s common to experience blurred or hazy vision initially due to swelling and the corneal healing process.
First Few Days
– During the initial days after LASIK, your vision might continue to fluctuate, and you might experience glare, halos, or light sensitivity, especially in low-light conditions.
First Week to First Month
– In the days and weeks following LASIK, your vision should gradually improve as your eyes heal and the cornea stabilizes.
– By the end of the first month, many patients have achieved significantly improved visual acuity and reduced dependence on glasses or contact lenses.
First Few Months
– Over the course of the first few months, your vision should continue to refine and stabilize.
– Some patients might experience minor visual changes or fluctuations during this period as the eyes fully adjust.
– For most patients, stable and clear vision is achieved within a few months after LASIK.
– Some individuals might still experience minor variations in vision, especially in certain lighting conditions, but these are usually subtle and shouldn’t significantly impact daily activities.
Care after Lasik surgery
Taking proper care after LASIK (Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis) surgery is essential to ensure a smooth recovery and achieve the best possible results. Your eye surgeon will provide you with specific postoperative instructions, but here are some general guidelines to follow:
- Rest and Relaxation: After the surgery, give your eyes a rest. Avoid any strenuous activities, reading for long periods, or watching screens extensively on the first day.
- Protective Eyewear: Use any protective eyewear, shields, or goggles provided by your surgeon, especially while sleeping, to prevent accidental rubbing of your eyes.
- Avoid Rubbing Your Eyes: Refrain from touching or rubbing your eyes, even if they feel itchy or irritated. Rubbing your eyes can displace the corneal flap (if created) or increase the risk of infection.
- Use Prescribed Eye Drops: Administer the prescribed eye drops as instructed. These drops help prevent infection, inflammation, and promote healing.
- Follow the Medication Schedule: Take any prescribed medications, including oral antibiotics or pain relievers, as directed by your surgeon.
- Avoid Water Exposure: For the first few days, avoid activities that might expose your eyes to water, such as swimming, hot tubs, saunas, or using hot showers.
- Limit Screen Time: While you can usually resume using screens within a day or two, take breaks to rest your eyes using the 20-20-20 rule: every 20 minutes, look at something 20 feet away for 20 seconds.
- Avoid Eye Makeup: Skip using eye makeup for at least a week to prevent any irritation or debris near your healing eyes.
- Wear Sunglasses: When you go outside, wear sunglasses that provide protection against UV rays to shield your healing eyes from bright sunlight.
- Attend Follow-Up Appointments: Regularly attend your scheduled follow-up appointments with your surgeon. These appointments are crucial for monitoring your healing progress and addressing any concerns.
- Avoid Dust and Debris: If your surgeon advises it, wear protective eyewear in dusty or debris-prone environments to prevent particles from irritating your eyes.
- Hygiene: Wash your hands thoroughly before touching your eyes or applying any eye drops to reduce the risk of infection.
- Stay Hydrated: Drinking plenty of water can help maintain good eye hydration during the healing process.
- Report Any Concerns: If you experience severe pain, discomfort, changes in vision, or any unexpected symptoms, contact your surgeon immediately.
Advantages of Lasik Surgery Turkey
LASIK (Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis) surgery in Turkey offers several advantages for individuals seeking vision correction. Here are some of the benefits of having LASIK surgery in Turkey:
1. Cost-Effectiveness: LASIK surgery in Turkey is often more affordable than in many other countries, making it an attractive option for those looking for high-quality eye surgery at a lower cost.
2. Advanced Technology: Many eye clinics in Turkey utilize advanced LASIK technology and equipment, ensuring precise and effective vision correction.
3. Experienced Surgeons: Turkey has skilled and experienced eye surgeons who have performed numerous successful LASIK procedures. Many of them have trained internationally and are up-to-date with the latest techniques.
4. Short Recovery Time: LASIK is known for its quick recovery period. Most patients experience improved vision within a day or two, and many can resume their regular activities soon after the surgery.
5. Convenience: Turkey is a popular medical tourism destination, and many clinics cater to international patients. They often provide assistance with travel arrangements, accommodation, and translation services.
6. Quality Care: Reputable eye clinics in Turkey prioritize patient safety and satisfaction. They maintain high medical standards and adhere to international protocols.
7. Positive Feedback: Many patients who have undergone LASIK surgery in Turkey report positive outcomes and high levels of satisfaction with the procedure and their improved vision.
8. Natural Results: LASIK provides natural vision correction, without the need for external devices like glasses or contact lenses.
9. Reduced Dependence on Glasses and Contacts: After LASIK, many patients experience significantly reduced reliance on glasses or contact lenses, if not complete freedom from them.
10. Enhanced Quality of Life: Improved vision can enhance your overall quality of life, making daily activities and hobbies more enjoyable and convenient.
11. Quick Procedure: LASIK surgery is typically a quick procedure, often lasting only a few minutes per eye, and the actual laser treatment takes just seconds.
12. Proven Success: LASIK has a high success rate in correcting common vision issues like nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism.